Palembang, the capital city of South Sumatera
If you are Indonesian, you must know it, mustn't you? but, it is not a big deal if you don't know it yet.
Here, I will share with you about Palembang.
It's easy if you want to know general information about Palembang, just like what I did:
Palembang is the capital city of the South Sumatra province in Indonesia. Located on the Musi River banks on the east coast of southern Sumatra island, it has an area of 374.03 square kilometres and a population of 1,742,186 people (2013 estimate). Palembang is the second-largest city in Sumatra after Medan and the seventh-largest city in Indonesia after Jakarta, Surabaya, Bandung, Medan, Semarang, and Makassar. The city hosted the 26th edition of Southeast Asian Games from 11 to 22 November 2011 along with Jakarta.
Palembang is one of the oldest cities in Indonesia, and has a history of being the capital city of the Kingdom of Srivijaya, a powerful Malay kingdom, which influenced much of Southeast Asia. The earliest evidence of its existence dates from the 7th century; a Chinese monk, Yijing, wrote that he visited Srivijaya in the year 671 for 6 months. The first inscription in which the name Srivijaya appears also dates from the 7th century, namely the Kedukan Bukit Inscription around Palembang in Sumatra, dated 683.
Palembang landmarks include the Ampera bridge and the Musi River, the latter of which divides the city into two, Seberang Ilir to the north and Seberang Ulu to the south. The Seberang Ilir is Palembang's economic and cultural centre and the Seberang Ulu is its political centre.(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palembang)
This information tells us about Palembang, but as native I will not share with you about Palembang with that style^^
As you know me from my other posts; I like pictures a lot.
I think pictures could describe it well ;)
so, talk about Palembang, people will remember about the great kingdom; Sriwijaya.
Yes, other name of Palembang is Bumi Sriwijaya. Actually, (as I know), native people of Palembang (Palembangnese) pronounce the word 'Palembang' with 'Pelembang'. But, since the written form of the name of this city is 'Palembang', people tend to pronounce it with 'Pa' not 'Pe' anymore.
Especially, young generation, what they know is Palembang not Pelembang, but when you come to the elderly, they keep use 'Pelembang'.
There are many tribes in South Sumatera, Palembang tribe is one of them; it is called as Melayu Palembang tribe. These people use 'bahaso Pelembang' as their language. Every regency and each district also have their own language based on their tribes, but all of South Sumatera people can speak 'bahaso Palembang' as their united language.
Melayu Palembang tribe consists of many tribes (http://blogalakadar.blogspot.com/2014/04/orang-palembang-suku-asli-palembang.html), they are:
- Kaum kerabat Ogan
- Kaum kerabat Lubai
- Kaum kerabat Rambang
- Kaum kerabat Cambai
- Kaum kerabat Pegagan
- Kaum kerabat Lembak
- Kaum kerabat Lintang
- Kaum kerabat Kikim
- Kaum kerabat Gumay
- Kaum kerabat Pasemah
- Kaum kerabat Enim
- Kaum kerabat Semende
- Kaum kerabat Kisam
- Kaum kerabat Lematang
I was born in Pajar bulan, a village in Semende. Semende is another tribe of Palembang. Since 'bahaso Palembang' mostly use letter 'o', Semende is more familiar as 'Semendo'.
Bahasa Indonesia : Kemana
Bahaso Palembang: Kemano
Bahase Semende: Kemane
OK, then about Musi river, as you see in wikipedia explanation above. Musi river or 'Sungai Musi' is the biggest river in South Sumatera.
|Sungai Musi from above. Picture taken by me on June 21st, 2014.|
Ulu is the downtown. You can find malls and other shopping sites there^^
In order to connect Ulu and Ilir, Palembang has AMPERA bridge as its city icon.
AMPERA stands for 'Amanat Penderitaan Rakyat", so they we pronounce AMPERA is should be AMPERA with 'PE' like 'Permen' in bahasa Indonesia :)
There an island on Musi river, namely 'Pulau Kemaro' or Kemaro island. Kemaro is bahaso Palembang, which means 'Kemarau' in bahasa Indonesia, or 'Dry season'. This island is never be flooded when Musi water is in high volume; it is always dry.
|Pulau Kemaro, small half circle in Sungai Musi. June 21st, 2014.|
Other great thing in Bumi Sriwijaya is its traditional foods^^ Nom nom nom
Anyone know 'Pempek'?
Here we go ...
|Pempek, Model, dan Srikayo|
Later I give you some details of each^^
Thank you :*